Raymond Queneau (1903-1976) was a French writer and literary critic. For many years he worked at Gallimard and was the chief editor of the Encyclopédie de la Pléiade (1956). In 1960 he established the “Ouvroir de littérature potentielle” (Oulipo – ‘Laboratory of potential literature’). He was a member of the surrealist movement in the period 1924-ca. 1930.